To get strawberry seeds, you have to dry the berries first.
It is best to store strawberry seeds in small jars or paper bags. Don’t forget to write the name of the variety and the date of the seed collection. Strawberry seeds lose their germination after 4 years of storage.
Preparation of soil and strawberry sowing tanks
It is best to sow strawberries into a soil mixture of sod, sand and peat in a 2:1:1 ratio. Also suitable for buying universal soil, which can be purchased at any specialty shop. Interestingly, strawberries will also grow well in substrates intended for violets or begonias. But you should not sow seeds in the garden land.
It is recommended to take transparent containers for strawberry seedlings. They will allow you to control the soil moisture not only on the surface, but also in the depths. Before filling the container with earth, it should be disinfected: treat with a dark pink solution of manganese.
When sowing strawberry seeds, remember that after some time the seedlings will have to dive. So if you are afraid that you will damage the plants during this procedure, you can sow the seeds directly in separate containers. Plastic cups are perfect for this purpose.
Sowing strawberry seeds and their stratification
There’s absolutely nothing complicated about sowing strawberry seeds. They don’t even need to be poured with a substrate. It is enough just to spread the seeds on the surface of the moistened soil with tweezers and spray from a sprayer. This will be enough for the seeds to deepen and eventually begin to germinate. The distance between the seeds should be at least 2 cm.
Strawberry seed sowing is best done with tweezers
Growing strawberry seedlings
The young sprouts of garden strawberries do not need much moisture, so it is important not to overdo it with irrigation. Over-watering promises the appearance of mould on the walls of containers or, worse still, the emergence of a dangerous disease such as the “black leg” in the seedling.
But with the appearance of the first real leaves seedlings become much more demanding to water. But this is not the only thing that strawberry seedlings need in the initial stages of growth. It also urgently needs a lot of light. Therefore, you need to grow strawberries on the lightest window sill, and if necessary – to enlighten (at least 10 hours a day) with special lamps. Favorable temperature for seedling growth – 18-20 ° C.
Film from containers should be removed only when the plants have the first real leaves. If you do this earlier, the strawberry seedlings may die due to a sharp drop in humidity. Accustom the seedlings to room conditions better gradually, each time increasing the ventilation time. This procedure is called hardening.
When the strawberry seedlings get used to the environment, you can dive in. By this time, they should already have 2-4 real leaves. It is best to transplant young plants by the transshipment method: removing the seedlings together with a small earth coma from the moist soil and transferring them to separate containers of 9×9 cm.
By the time of the dive, strawberry seedlings should have 2-4 real leaves.
With the appearance of the second pair of real leaves, seedlings can begin to feed them once a week. Strawberries need fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, e.g. Kemira Deluxe, Aquarine or Solution (see the dosage on the packaging).
Planting strawberry seedlings outdoors
Planting strawberry seedlings in the garden would be too easy. This culture is not as simple as it seems. First you have to get it used to the open air by putting it on a balcony or veranda. At first, you should keep the plants outside for just a few minutes, gradually increasing the hardening period.
If everything is done correctly, the seedlings will be ready for outdoor planting in May. Plant young plants when the soil warms up to 15°C (in the middle zone this is usually mid-May).
The distance between the seedlings in the seedbed should be at least 30 cm. After planting the strawberries, water well. The culture likes fertile soil, so it is unlikely to grow well on any other soil.
Transplanting strawberries into the open ground
Strawberries can be transplanted into the open ground only after they have been properly hardened.
The place for planting strawberries is worth choosing the sunny one, but at first it is recommended to shade young plants from direct sunlight. Watering, especially during flowering and fruit tying, should not be forgotten. Then the strawberries are sure to be delighted with large and juicy berries.