Davalliaceae is a genus of perennial, fast-growing, exotic species of fern (Davalliaceae). The natural area of distribution is mainly in tropical Asia, found in China, Japan, Polynesia and the island of Java, the Canary Islands.
Some species are widespread in crops, cultivated indoors, usually in greenhouses, often as ampel plants.
The folk name of this fern is “Hare’s Foot”, or “Deer’s Foot”, which is usually referred to as the most popular species in ornamental floriculture – Dawallija Canaria.
Care and maintenance
Watering: rest period – moderately; active growth period – moderately.
Temperature: period of rest – 13-24 ° C; period of active growth – 16-24 ° C.
Transplanting: as needed in spring.
Reproduction: by dividing the bush.
Soil: A mixture of leafy soil, peat and sand (1:1:1), always good drainage, roots do not fall asleep.
Feeding: During the period of active vegetation with liquid fertilizer 2 times a month.
Pests, diseases, problems: shield, the plant does not grow or grows very badly.
The basilica is ideal for growing at home as it is not whimsical, grows both in winter and summer, looks nice and smells very good. If you are new to home gardening, we recommend you start by planting this very grass! In this material you will find all about how to grow basil on a window sill, how to take care of it and how to pinch it correctly in order to get as many crops as possible. You can grow the basil in the pot from cuttings or from a young shoot from a bed, but it is best and longest (almost a year!) to have the basil from the seeds at home.
For planting basil on a window sill, you will need it:
Seeds; Any type of basil will do, but keep in mind that the purple and Greek fine leaf varieties grow longer and harder. Small leaves and short basil varieties grow especially quickly and easily. Soil (for more information on soil selection and preparation, see Step 2); Ceramsite or drainage pebbles; A 1-2 litre pot or a large container at least 15 cm deep, in which basil shoots can grow 10 cm apart. The basil growing tank must necessarily have drainage holes; Food film or plastic bag; Spatula.
Step 1: Seed preparation
This stage is not obligatory, but it is desirable if you want to speed up the appearance of the first seedlings a little. Soak the seeds in warm water for 1-2 days, changing water every 12 hours (or more often), then hold them in a slightly pink solution of manganese for 2 hours and finally, dry the seeds on a napkin or gauze. You can use a toothpick to catch the seeds.
Step 2: Prepare the soil
The loose soil is an important condition for success. Suitable soil can be created from: Mixtures of universal soil for indoor plants with garden soil (in proportion 1:1); mixtures of biohumus and soil for indoor plants (in proportion 1:4); mixtures of biohumus and coconut (in proportion 1:2).
Do not forget to treat the purchased soil before planting the seeds: pour it on a baking tray and calcinate in the oven at 100-120 degrees for about an hour and then feed it with some mineral fertilizer. This procedure will prevent the appearance of pests in the future. Then put on the bottom of a container of expanded clay or pebbles to get a drainage layer of 2-3 cm thick. And finally, from above, pour the prepared soil, not reaching 3-4 cm to the edges, level the surface, and then abundantly water the soil. Watering the soil.
Step 3. Sowing seeds
Now you need to sow the seeds at a distance of about 2 cm from each other, cover the pot with a layer of earth of 1-2 cm, and then cover the pot with a food film or a bag to create a greenhouse effect. 2 / 2 Then carry the pot to a warm place and wait for the first shoots to appear, periodically opening the film to air the planting. There is no need to water the seedlings during this period, if you wish, you can lightly spray them, then the greens will be juicier. Depending on the variety and favorable conditions, the first basil sprouts will appear in 7-12 days. When the shoots finally appear, remove the film and daringly thin out the shoots so that there is a gap of 10 cm between the remaining roots.
Then move the pot to the sunny window sill. When the seedlings have grown to 5-7 cm, you can add 2-3 cm more soil to the pot to strengthen the young shoots. As soon as you remove the film, you should start taking care of the plant – water regularly, loosen the ground, control the temperature and light. Below you will find a leaflet with the main rules of care. Basil care rules Watering: In summer, water and if you wish, spray the basil every morning and the soil should always be moist, but not overflowing. In winter, watering should be moderate – 2 times a week will suffice. Temperature: Keep an eye on the air temperature, it should be quite high – 20-25 degrees. Keep in mind that the basil does not tolerate draughts, and at temperatures below 20 degrees begins to lose flavor. Light: During the warm season (March to August), the basil needs 6 hours of natural sunlight. In winter, you can’t do without extra lighting. Read more about how and what to create it in
Step 4. Fertilizing the soil:
If the soil is not fertile enough, you can fertilize it once a month: with biohumus, Agrolife (1 hour per surface) or other organic fertilizers.
Step 5: Creating favourable lighting
If you grow basil in autumn or winter (September to February), your mini-garden must be artificially illuminated for 12 hours a day. Phytolamps or LED lamps with a warm white light of 2700K at a distance of 15-20 cm from the plants will be suitable for this.
Erin Benzakein is the founder of Floret Flower Farm, and is known for her lush, vibrant, romantic floral designs. She pushes the limits of what can be used in bouquets, which led to her winning the Martha Stewart American Made award for Floral and Event Design.