Thalia is a tall and elegant waterside plant from the Marantov family. It comes from warm regions and is therefore sensitive even to frost, but is ideal for tropical landscapes. In favorable conditions, it can reach a height of more than a meter. As it grows, it forms dense curtains. Leaves are large, up to 50-60 cm long, arranged on a long, thick stem. The appearance is very similar to that of canna leaves.
Blossoms from July to September in unusual purple, as if waxed flowers, collected in long inflorescences at the top of thin pedicels.
Like most aquatic plants, the waist feels best immersed in water by 30-40 cm. There should be 10 cm of water between the soil level and the top of the pot.
Location is sunny, the soil is nutritious based on compost and loam. In warm regions, to allow the plant to survive the winter, containers are placed at a depth of 60 cm and cover mulches. The frost-loving beauty cannot tolerate it, so the waist is transported to a cool and well-lit room for the winter. The ground part is cut off before wintering. It is multiplied by division of rhizomes.
The genus Canna has about 50 species and is home to the subtropical and tropical regions of India, North, South America and the Caribbean.
In its native habitat, Canna grows in wet areas along fields, rivers and lakes.
All of the many varieties and hybrids, with over a hundred of them, are united under one common name, Cannas Garden.
These herbaceous perennials have a long stem with 10-12 leaves, arranged alternately or in a spiral.
They are very similar in shape to bananas, but can be more than just green.
Depending on the variety, there are bronze, motley, dark maroon, in veins.
Magnificent large flowers of garden Cannas amaze with their beauty and a huge variety of rich bright shades. They boast a range of colours from pale yellow to orange, blood red and all shades of pink. A tropical guest will create a real flower show in your garden.
Perennial flowers are collected in inflorescences and are usually short-lived. Flowering, like toffee, lasts only a day or two, but constant flowering of new flowers ensures continuous flowering throughout the season.
In temperate zones, flowering usually starts in mid-summer and in many varieties it can last until frosty. In general, the start and duration of flowering varies from variety to variety. The abundance of flowers stimulates the timely removal of faded old flowers on the pedicel.
Cannas planting and care
Tropical Beauty prefers moist, well-drained, loose soils with a high organic content, but can also grow in any permeable ground. When planting, you can prepare a mixture of equal parts of peat or peat, sand and leafy soil. Or loosen the soil to a depth of approx. 35 cm and mix it with a 7 cm layer of compost, which will give an additional growth impulse. Apply a thin layer of mulch around to retain moisture.
Place the rhizome at a depth of 5-7 cm so that the growth point is at the top and water well. The plant spacing is 30 cm for shorter varieties and 60 cm for tall ones. Watering should be moderate until the first shoots appear. Seedlings appear a couple of weeks after planting. Cannes needs heat so that it can quickly grow. For long and abundant flowering, nitrogen-rich fertilisers are used once a month.
If you are going to buy taller varieties, you will need to choose a place where these tall beauties will be sufficiently protected from strong winds as the stems may break in windy weather.
During the flowering period, regular abundant watering is required. Some varieties have been bred as coastal water plants, which can grow in partially flooded areas and in shallow waters. Like all tropical plants, Cannas requires a lot of sunlight to allow it to bloom to its full potential.
Elegant and bright viola, the plant is multi-faceted and one of the oldest among garden cultures.
In ancient times, Greeks and Romans liked to weave it in wreaths and garlands that decorate the premises. This culture is often mentioned by Virgil, Pliny and other authors of that time.
Later in the monastery gardens began to cultivate violets fragrant, mountain, and then two-colored.
Over time, the Altai, American and Clobuchka varieties became popular, and in the 19th century Europeans were able to get acquainted with the now famous hybrid viola
Viola in the open air is represented by annual, biennial and perennial plants. Her leaves sit on a low stem, alternately or assembled in a rosette at the root. Single flowers rise on thin legs, whose lower petals are larger than the upper petals.
Viola growing out of seeds
Traditionally, the viola has been white, blue, yellow or red, but the numerous new varieties show the amazing colour diversity that thanks to breeders the viola has received. The plant forms a fruit-brown with 800 seeds per 1 g, which retains its germinating power for two years.
Viola boarding and care
Viola is represented by over 450 species distributed throughout the earth. However, despite its wide range, almost all species prefer areas with moderate humidity that are open to the sun or slightly shaded. A slightly shaded area is also suitable for violets, although flowering will be much more abundant in the sun. The soil needs to be fertile and loose.
In dry weather, it should be watered, otherwise its flowers may be shredded or disappear altogether. Root mineral fertilisers with NPK complex will be useful, but fresh organic fertilisers will only do harm. By plucking fading flowers, it is possible to extend the flowering period.
In frosty winters the culture should be covered with branches, leaves, straw or stubble. Although it is generally quite unpretentious, Viola can become infected with powdery dew, spotting, grey rot and a black leg. To avoid this, the viola needs good ventilation and loosened soil.
Leaf-eating pests are also dangerous to it: slugs that appear when overwetting, clover shovel and pearl violet.
Viola reproduces with seeds that ripen in a cobblestone fruit. For summer flowering, they are sown in early spring in seed boxes and dive after the appearance of two real leaves. When sowing in spring, they may flower in the same year and for early spring flowering, the seeds are sent outdoors in winter.
Numerous genus Sedum (Sedum) or purification has about 500 species of hardy and diverse in its characteristics succulents from the family of Tolstyanka.
This group of plants is unique in every respect. It combines annual and perennial species, tropical and frost-resistant, evergreen and withering in winter, miniature soil cover and higher forms. Some of them grow in mountainous areas, while others can be found in dry meadows and forest meadows.
Cultivating and caring for sedum in the open air will delight any gardener! Its decorative varieties are extremely unpretentious and have high ornamental qualities. For example, soil-covering varieties from spring to late autumn create a magnificent carpet in all shades of pink, red, yellow, green and even purple-violet.
They are unsurpassed plants for the creation of rockarium, gravel orchards and alpine slides, compositions with stones, alternative, molilo. High forms of purification are gorgeous in flowerbeds, flower beds, in kerbs, against the background of coniferous cultures, perennial asters, helium, velvets, lobularia.
Tips for growing peeling in the open field
All sedumas are unpretentious and grow well on any water permeable soil with the addition of a small amount of perennial or compost. These magnificent succulents are extremely drought-resistant and only water them at first after planting.
Choose an open, sunny or light penumbra for growing gray. Planting crawlers under tall trees is not acceptable, as autumn leaves are difficult to remove without damaging the succulent leaves and shoots. In conditions of strong shade and high humidity, the plant is affected by fungal diseases that cause rotting of roots and stems.
Sedum care in the open field consists of timely weeding and removal of the dried up ground part of the plant in autumn or spring. The bare roots of the soil protectors can be weeded with a leaf repulse in autumn or early spring.
Crawling forms do not require fertilisation, and abundantly blooming tall species can be fed a couple of times per season with liquid organic-mineral fertiliser.
In the care of sedum includes regular rejuvenation procedure every 3-4 years, as almost all species are susceptible to overgrowth or fall out. High varieties are divided into separate sockets to maintain a compact, lush shape, and stieling crossed to preserve the dense, beautiful carpets.
Reproduction of cleaning
Culture is easily multiplied by the division of growing curtains and bushes. The procedure is performed in spring, at the beginning of vegetation. The air roots of the soil cover when growing quickly take root, sprinkled with earth. But in order to rejuvenate the plantations, it is preferable to cut. The cuttings take root in containers with a mixture of peat, sand and sod soil, taken in equal proportions, deepening them into the soil by 2 cm.
For successful and quick rooting it is necessary to create a greenhouse effect, which is achieved by regular watering as the substrate dries and by coating with film or glass. From time to time, the coating is removed for ventilation. It is possible to plant in the open ground after 2 weeks from the day of drawing
Androsace are miniature and very beautiful soil-cover plants belonging to the Primrose family.
They can be annuals or perennials, including evergreens, forming compact curtains or mats.
The genus has more than 40 species of plants, some of which grow in the mountains of Tibet, in the Himalayas and China, and about twenty species are found in the Alps, Pyrenees and Carpathians.
Androsace in nature grows in a layer of coarse gravel or on screes in vertical clefts of rocks or in sandy wet but well-drained soil, so the miniature soil-cover needs to provide the garden with similar living conditions.
Tips for care
Most species thrive in the full sun. Full development is facilitated by timely irrigation and good air circulation, which can be ensured by sprinkling fine gravel under the base of the bushes. This is also an excellent prevention of fungal diseases. An important condition for overwintering is that there is no excess moisture in the soil, which leads to rotting of the roots, so from September watering is almost completely stopped.
The plant is vulnerable to fungal diseases in high humidity. Remove dead sockets in good time to reduce the risk of infection and prevent soil moisture from stagnating.
Androsace can be divided into two groups. The first group is easily cultivated species such as A. lanuginosa and the second group is stemless plants which grow only in rocky rifts.
Vegetative reproduction is done by rooting the cuttings of a single socket. The cuttings are taken at the right stage of growth. New rosettes usually begin to develop at the end of the flowering period and after their formation, in June-July part of the stem with the heel cut off and placed in wet sand. Rooting usually takes 4 to 8 weeks.
During seed multiplication, the planting material is sown in containers in an open greenhouse in spring. The seedlings appear unevenly, so be careful when diving the seedlings.
Alpinaria have many attractive plants from the Cabbage family. One of them is aubretia, which will take a little time to plant and maintain, but the result will be a magnificent flowering of this spectacular soil.
Aubrieta is found in southern Europe and the Middle East, where it was brought to our latitudes. It is a low, ramshackle perennial, whose shoots rarely rise above 10-15 cm above the ground.
As it grows, it forms a spectacular cushion. Leaves are small, green or blue, some species are slightly downy. There are varieties with motley leaves. An evergreen plant does not lose its leaves even in winter and retains its decorative effect at any time of year.
The genus consists of 12 species, which have a different flower palette. The colour of garden hybrids and varieties can be purple, purple, pink, blue and white. Flowering is so abundant that no shoots or leaves can be seen under the numerous small flowers.
The most frequently cultivated garden culture is the Aubrieta x cultorum, a hybrid of the Aubrieta deltoidea with other species. The hybrid blooms in May-June for about 40 days and unites a group of varieties that winter under snow.
A striking representative of the hybrid aubrieta is a cascading variety mix of “Giant Falls” with different flowering shades.
Other varietal forms in the garden design are purple-purple “Royal Violet” and “Cascade Purple”, pink-purple “Leichtlinii” and “Royal Red”, dark blue “Royal Blue”, early blue-blue “Neuling”, purple “Tauricola” and light pink “Royal Rose”. There are even varieties with terry flowers.
The choice of a place for an open field Aubrieta planting
For the plant to fully reveal its ornamental qualities, it is important to choose the right place to grow. Auburn in a temperate climate needs good sunlight which stimulates abundant flowering.
In the penumbra, green mass starts to grow actively, and flowering is scarce and short. Light shading is only possible in hot climates. Choose a warm, wind-safe place to plant your aubretia.
The soil should be low fertility, moderately humid, alkaline and permeable. The plant thrives abundantly on stony and lime soils that are nutrient-poor.
In addition, for planting obryetica seedlings, it is recommended to select an upland area to avoid overwetting and rotting of the bottom of the miniature plant.
Aubrieta maintenance for perennial planting
The attestation in care isn’t too demanding. Irrigation prefers moderate and even scarce watering as it does not tolerate excess moisture and is resistant to drought. Therefore, it is only irrigated with a small amount of water in heat and with prolonged absence of rainfall.
Twice during the season, a thin layer of coarse sand is poured under the roots to prevent moisture stagnation and rotting. In autumn, it is recommended to fertilise plantings with water diluted compost. Wood ash works well as a spring fertiliser.
Aubrieta care includes trimming the shoots after flowering. The procedure promotes the formation of dense, compact curtains and stimulates re-flowering at the end of the season. Before winter it is sufficient to cover the plant with a layer of fallen, dry leaves.
Sometimes the plant is affected by powdery mildew due to poor air circulation in high humidity conditions. Leaves are covered with plaque and deformed.
To cope with the fungus will help solution of colloidal sulfur or treatment with fungicides. Of the pests should be afraid of aphids, which are destroyed by soap solution.
Erin Benzakein is the founder of Floret Flower Farm, and is known for her lush, vibrant, romantic floral designs. She pushes the limits of what can be used in bouquets, which led to her winning the Martha Stewart American Made award for Floral and Event Design.