When sowing with dry seeds, the time from sowing to germination is the longest because the seeds need to swell up. Dry seeded carrots or parsley can therefore germinate within a month.
Dry seeds are planted very quickly, but they take a very long time to germinate.
In theory (according to agronomists) dry seeds can also be sown without watering (this may be the case in some regions), because dry seeds, even if they get into dry soil, can lie still until the first rain. As a matter of fact, this is the only advantage (apart from convenience) of sowing with dry seeds. But practically in Ural conditions this variant is absolutely unreal, because strong spring winds instantly dry the soil, and there is absolutely no hope for rain at this time of year. It is possible to wait for the first normal rain for a month – so the flight will pass. Therefore, sowing with dry seeds is reasonable only for crops, whose shoots appear quite quickly. The soil in our conditions should always be moist, both at the time of planting, and the subsequent period.
Sowing wet and germinated seeds always requires watering, both before planting and on all subsequent days. Keeping the soil moist after sowing is a must, because germinated seeds die when they dry out. Naturally, with this method, the seeds germinate more quickly. This is especially true for germinated seeds. Take, for example, the same carrots. Everyone knows that it is not always possible to get good carrot seedlings when sowing dry. Carrot seeds germinate slowly and often give sparse shoots. Planting already germinated seeds gives much better results.
Soaked and, moreover, germinated seeds germinate much faster than dry seeds, but it is harder to sow them. And the process of soaking should be taken with enough care not to destroy the seeds.
However, soaked and germinated seeds are harder to sow than dry seeds. Simply soaked seeds can be quickly dried to dryness if necessary and then sown. Germinated seeds, on the other hand, can be sown manually if they are large enough (e.g., melon or onion) or (carrots, parsley) by placing them in an acidic mass. If the seeds are sown to get green products, then in some cases (when a certain density of sowing is quite acceptable), for example, when sowing dill, lettuce, spinach for early green, it is more convenient to germinate seeds in wet sawdust. And then these seeds should be sown directly with the sawdust, having previously mixed them slightly to ensure some uniformity of sowing. This results very quickly, conveniently and efficiently. With such planting, the dill germinates in 5-7 days, and this is especially important for early spring sowing.
Soaking the seeds
Soak the seeds in regular permanent or better in melted snow water for about a day and kept at room temperature. If you take the snow water, the snow should be clean, preferably fresh. But in no case it should not be melt water from a puddle in the city yard (God knows what you can get with such water).
During soaking, the seed coat swells up, the embryo wakes up, it begins to breathe heavily, its cells are quickly divided, it grows. Here it needs warmth and a lot of air, otherwise it will become cold and/or suffocate from lack of air. Therefore, soak not in a glass, pouring the seeds with a decent amount of water (so the seeds will suffocate and die), but in a wide and flat dishes, placing them just wet tissue. However, in the conditions of the apartment is a great danger of rapid drying of seeds in the fabric (remember about the dry air of our apartments).
Therefore, it is more reliable and convenient to place the fabric with seeds on a layer of wet sawdust (or other material that holds water well – cotton wool, synthesized, etc.), and then place containers with seeds in a wide plastic bag. Leave the bag open. In this case, you will not have to check their humidity periodically. This means that you will save your time and will not risk the seeds, which at any opportunity “burrow” to die from various causes. The temperature should be kept around 20-25 ° C, otherwise the seeds will not turn on for a long time and will not germinate.