The useful properties of Rumex
Rumex are valuable in that they provide products early in spring, when there is a shortage of fresh vegetables. In terms of calorie content it contains 245 calories per 1 kg of leaves. Rumex contains proteins, carbohydrates, fibre, organic acid (oxalic acid), vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B9 (folic acid), PP (niacin), C (ascorbic acid), E (tocopherol), A (beta-carotene), K (phylloquinone), H (biotin).
Rumex is a rich source of potassium, it also contains calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, chlorine, sulfur, iron, iodine, manganese, zinc, copper, fluorine, and nitrogen. The roots of horse oxal contain up to 4% derivatives of anthraquinone, which include chrysophanic acid and chrysophanol, 8-15% tannins of pyrocatechin group (more than in rhubarb), flavonoids, organic acids (oxalic, coffee and others), vitamin K, essential oil, resins, iron (in the form of organic compounds). Anthraquinone and tannins derivatives were found in fruits. Flavonoids (hyperoside, rutin and others), ascorbic acid and carotene were found in leaves. Ascorbic acid (68.4 mg%) was found in flowers. All parts of the plant contain large amounts of calcium oxalate. In terms of chemical composition, horse sorrel is close to rhubarb. The amount of anthraglycosides in it, although smaller, is still large enough to consider sorrel a valuable medicinal raw material.
The plant has antibacterial activity. It should be remembered that younger sorrel leaves are more nutritious and healthier (they are dominated by malic acid and citric acid), while older ones require the addition of chalk to precipitate oxalic acid. One gram of chalk per kilo of leaves is sufficient. Oxal sour leaves improve digestion and have analgesic, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, antitoxic, astringent and anti-scratching effects. And their decoction is used in disorders of the stomach, it also has choleretic, improving liver function, and antiallergic, helping with acne and itchy skin, the action. Rumex is one of the best products for menopause, both in men and women.
Decoction of Rumex leaves increases the formation of bile, improves liver function, it is prescribed for bleeding or tendencies to them, as well as various rashes and itching of the skin – as anti-allergic. Horse sorrel roots are used for liver diseases, dysentery, pulmonary and uterine bleeding, to relieve stools, with hemorrhoids and cracked anus, externally with burns, wounds, stomatitis, gingivitis, various skin diseases.
Decoction of Rumex leaves and roots helps with colds, it is also recommended for the treatment of diarrhea, colitis, entero- and hemocolitis. In Germany in the Middle Ages, broth of sorrel roots was used to treat irritation of larynx and upper respiratory tract, and fresh juice was used to rub joints in case of inflammations. In the late Middle Ages, sorrel was mainly used as a laxative and antiseptic. Leaves and stems of sorrel after preliminary podvyalivaniya can be salted, sour, saccharinated.