Elegant and bright viola, the plant is multi-faceted and one of the oldest among garden cultures.
In ancient times, Greeks and Romans liked to weave it in wreaths and garlands that decorate the premises. This culture is often mentioned by Virgil, Pliny and other authors of that time.
Later in the monastery gardens began to cultivate violets fragrant, mountain, and then two-colored.
Over time, the Altai, American and Clobuchka varieties became popular, and in the 19th century Europeans were able to get acquainted with the now famous hybrid viola
Viola in the open air is represented by annual, biennial and perennial plants. Her leaves sit on a low stem, alternately or assembled in a rosette at the root. Single flowers rise on thin legs, whose lower petals are larger than the upper petals.
Viola growing out of seeds
Traditionally, the viola has been white, blue, yellow or red, but the numerous new varieties show the amazing colour diversity that thanks to breeders the viola has received. The plant forms a fruit-brown with 800 seeds per 1 g, which retains its germinating power for two years.
Viola boarding and care
Viola is represented by over 450 species distributed throughout the earth. However, despite its wide range, almost all species prefer areas with moderate humidity that are open to the sun or slightly shaded. A slightly shaded area is also suitable for violets, although flowering will be much more abundant in the sun. The soil needs to be fertile and loose.
In dry weather, it should be watered, otherwise its flowers may be shredded or disappear altogether. Root mineral fertilisers with NPK complex will be useful, but fresh organic fertilisers will only do harm. By plucking fading flowers, it is possible to extend the flowering period.
In frosty winters the culture should be covered with branches, leaves, straw or stubble. Although it is generally quite unpretentious, Viola can become infected with powdery dew, spotting, grey rot and a black leg. To avoid this, the viola needs good ventilation and loosened soil.
Leaf-eating pests are also dangerous to it: slugs that appear when overwetting, clover shovel and pearl violet.
Viola reproduces with seeds that ripen in a cobblestone fruit. For summer flowering, they are sown in early spring in seed boxes and dive after the appearance of two real leaves. When sowing in spring, they may flower in the same year and for early spring flowering, the seeds are sent outdoors in winter.