Yucca of the Agave family comes from subtropical and tropical regions of America. Due to the high frost resistance in the open air, Yucca filamentosa was successfully grown, which decorated palace gardens and parks in the late 19th century.
Despite its tropical origins, the yucca is easy to plant and care for, as the exotic beauty has adapted perfectly to the midland climate.
Another popular species, the glorious yucca, is common in warmer areas as it is not very winter resistant.
The most decorative part of the plant is the impressive beauty of large bell-shaped inflorescences of white, pink or cream color on high strong pedicels, sometimes reaching 1.5-2 meters in height. Flowering occurs in mid July or in August.
Under favorable conditions, 80 to 100 flowers can blossom on a single strong peduncle. The spectacle is really impressive!
With a blue hue, evergreen, hard and narrow leaves up to 50-70 cm in length are assembled into a dense sheet rosette. A characteristic feature of the Yucca filamentosa species are long thin fibers that hang at the edges of the leaf plates. The variety of garden yucca “Variegata” has a white fringe.
The variety “Light edge” is characterized by a small size, its leaves are creamy white at the edges. Another variety is the spectacular “Color Guard”, where, under the influence of low temperatures, the leaf edges become pink. Powerful pedicels appear in June.
Peculiarities of care
The garden yucca is not afraid of drought or heat. The most important enemy of the exotic beauty is stagnation of water in the soil.
Low substrate humidity is vital for wintering plants. Despite good frost resistance in areas with poor drainage, plants often rot and can freeze. It is therefore advisable to plant the crop in a slightly elevated position.
The soil must be water permeable and loose. Sand and a drainage layer of broken bricks, expanded clay or pebbles should be added to the heavy substrate. Poor soils are enriched with humus and compost taken in equal parts.
Considering the origin of the crop, you should choose a place for planting yucca sunny, protected from strong winds. Lack of sunlight affects flowering, the trunk is pulled out and the leaf rosette loses its density, the plant slowly degenerates.
Watering is infrequent and only during drought. Water under the root of the plant with warm water, making sure that no water gets on the leaves. The lack of moisture is signaled by the withering of the leaves.
Care for the garden yucca after planting is regular weeding and loosening of the soil. The procedure enriches the soil with oxygen and prevents the development of fungal diseases. After flowering, the flower-breeds are cut off. In snowless winters the plantings are covered with stubble.
Garden yucca is easily multiplied by division of large specimens. The procedure is performed in spring. It is desirable to treat the roots with fungicide. Cranberries are planted in the ground without deepening the neck of the plant, which should be at ground level. After planting, water the yucca well in the garden. In one place, the plant can grow for 15-20 years.