Geum, belonging to the family of rose-colored, has about 50 species. About 20 of them are used in landscape design.
In natural conditions, plants grow on forest edges, near rivers and reservoirs. People call it Benedict grass, undergrowth, cloves and comb.
Geum is a herbaceous rhizome perennial. The height of the stems depends on the species, ranging from 15 cm to 70. Leaves are triple-perist, wrinkled, rich green, formed by two types: root and stem.
The first ones are large in size, long petioles, forming a compact socket. The second are almost sitting, the next, on top of the whole.
Flowers are small (about 3 cm), cup-shaped, simple or terry, more often single, less often collected in umbrella or petrified inflorescences. Color is bright yellow, pink, orange, red.
Many species bloom twice in a season, the first time in May-July and again in autumn. The fruit is a lot of nuts. Seeds with an elongated, bent tail at the end.
Cultivation and care
Geums prefer sunny areas, but can also grow in the shade. Sour soils are badly tolerated. In this case, the problem can be solved by applying dolomite flour. Sand is also desirable to improve drainage. The frost resistance of almost all species is high, except for hybrid gravitas and terry flower varieties, which require little shelter, can be done with stubble.
They are unpretentious in care. In heat, root irrigation is required. During the season, it is desirable to feed several times. Withering flowers should be removed regularly in order to prolong flowering and keep the plant species tidy.
Reproduce by dividing the bushes and seeds. In the first variant, the procedure can be performed both at the beginning of vegetation and after flowering, separating daughter rosettes with a piece of rhizome. Plant optimally in 30 cm increments, as they grow quickly. The seeds can be sown in late autumn or spring directly into the ground. A seedling option is also possible. Young plants flower in their second year.