The genus Canna has about 50 species and is home to the subtropical and tropical regions of India, North, South America and the Caribbean.
In its native habitat, Canna grows in wet areas along fields, rivers and lakes.
All of the many varieties and hybrids, with over a hundred of them, are united under one common name, Cannas Garden.
These herbaceous perennials have a long stem with 10-12 leaves, arranged alternately or in a spiral.
They are very similar in shape to bananas, but can be more than just green.
Depending on the variety, there are bronze, motley, dark maroon, in veins.
Magnificent large flowers of garden Cannas amaze with their beauty and a huge variety of rich bright shades. They boast a range of colours from pale yellow to orange, blood red and all shades of pink. A tropical guest will create a real flower show in your garden.
Perennial flowers are collected in inflorescences and are usually short-lived. Flowering, like toffee, lasts only a day or two, but constant flowering of new flowers ensures continuous flowering throughout the season.
In temperate zones, flowering usually starts in mid-summer and in many varieties it can last until frosty. In general, the start and duration of flowering varies from variety to variety. The abundance of flowers stimulates the timely removal of faded old flowers on the pedicel.
Cannas planting and care
Tropical Beauty prefers moist, well-drained, loose soils with a high organic content, but can also grow in any permeable ground. When planting, you can prepare a mixture of equal parts of peat or peat, sand and leafy soil. Or loosen the soil to a depth of approx. 35 cm and mix it with a 7 cm layer of compost, which will give an additional growth impulse. Apply a thin layer of mulch around to retain moisture.
Place the rhizome at a depth of 5-7 cm so that the growth point is at the top and water well. The plant spacing is 30 cm for shorter varieties and 60 cm for tall ones. Watering should be moderate until the first shoots appear. Seedlings appear a couple of weeks after planting. Cannes needs heat so that it can quickly grow. For long and abundant flowering, nitrogen-rich fertilisers are used once a month.
If you are going to buy taller varieties, you will need to choose a place where these tall beauties will be sufficiently protected from strong winds as the stems may break in windy weather.
During the flowering period, regular abundant watering is required. Some varieties have been bred as coastal water plants, which can grow in partially flooded areas and in shallow waters. Like all tropical plants, Cannas requires a lot of sunlight to allow it to bloom to its full potential.