Campanula are herbaceous plants belonging to the bell family. This genus consists of more than 300 species. In natural conditions it can be met in areas with a temperate climate: in Central and West Asia, Siberia, the Caucasus, Europe and North America. It grows best in steppes, meadows, rocks, desert areas, and also in forests. Most species of bells can be found in the subalpine and alpine mountain belts. From the Latin language the name of a flower is translated as a bell. And among the people it is also known as chabotka, chenille and bells.
The most common are perennial Campanula, but there are also one- and two-year Campanulas. On the stems there are sequentially arranged leaves. Flowers have a bell-shaped shape and can be painted in white, bluish color, as well as in various color shades of purple. They are part of the inflorescences of a cyst-shaped or shimmering form. There are also single flowers. The fruit has a head of a box, on which there are holes of slotted shape in number 4-6 pieces. Shrubs may be low, medium and high.
Growing of Campanulas from seeds
Such seeds do not need to be prepared before planting. They are sown in open soil in May and can also be sown in October for the winter. If you want to admire the blooming Campanulas in a given year, they should be sown for seedlings in March. Please note that the seeds are very small, so they are only scattered on the surface of the prepared soil, which should be loose, light and let in water well. It should be well moistened before sowing. The mix should consist of 6 parts of turf soil, 3 parts of humus soil and 1 part of coarse sand. The soil should not be fertilized. After sowing, the seeds should only be lightly pressed into the substrate and slightly moistened with a sprayer. The container should be covered with a transparent film. Such sowing should be placed in a warm (18 to 20 degrees) place. Appearance of seedlings, as a rule, occurs after 14-20 days.
After the first seedlings appear, the shelter will have to be removed. Put the tank in a well lit place, but the plants need to be protected from direct sunlight. These plants should be taken care of just like any other seedling of flowers. They need to be irrigated in time after the top layer of the substrate has dried out and they need to be loosened regularly. After 20 days after the seedlings have risen, they should grow real leaves, after that they should dive into a container of larger volume, keeping a distance of 10 centimeters between the plants. Half a month after you have transplanted the bells, you will need to fertilise the soil. A low concentration liquid complex fertiliser is ideal for this purpose.
Planting the Campanula in the open ground
At what time do they plant the seedlings in the ground?
As a rule, grown-up Campanulas can be planted in open soil either in the last days of May or in the first days of June. Most species of such flowers belong to the light-loving plants. Shadow-loving species are also found, but very rarely, they are distinguished by their dark green leaves. Such a plant does not tolerate draughts.
You have to choose the soil depending on the species. So, some grow well on calcareous soil, and others on stony ground. But most species best grow on neutral or slightly alkaline loamy soil, which is well-drained. Before planting, the soil has to be prepared. Heavy soil at deep digging must necessarily be made of humus or sand. If the soil is poor, it is necessary to apply sod soil, as well as fertilizer. However, use peat and fresh manure is not recommended, as it can cause the development of fungal disease.
Rules for planting seedlings in the ground
For planting you should choose an open area, no shrubs or trees should grow near it. In this case, the root system will receive sufficient nutrients as well as water. The distance between the shrubs depends on the type of bell. Thus, between the taller species should be left 40-50 centimeters, between the middle – 20-30 centimeters, between the low – 10 to 15 centimeters. When the plant is planted, the soil around it should be well tamped, and then irrigated.