Seed germination is also most reliable in wide flat containers filled with wet sawdust. Here you have options depending on how you sow the seeds later:
- Either the seeds are sprayed directly onto a layer of sawdust and then covered again with a thin layer of wet sawdust; this option is possible if, say, the seeds are sufficiently thick and unevenly sown with the sawdust, or if the seeds are large enough to be easily removed from the sawdust before sowing;
- or the wet sawdust is covered with a layer of fabric and the seeds are placed on top of it; they are covered with a layer of fabric or even more; this option is used if the seeds are small and it would be difficult to remove them from the sawdust.
In any case, such containers are placed in an ajar bag.
You can, of course, germinate into tissues, but then the seeds will dry out more quickly. In addition, when germinating only in fabric bags, the seeds need to be rinsed thoroughly every day (directly into the fabric) and placed under a jet of water.
Spraying the seeds with an Epin growth stimulant is a very good result. And do not forget about the temperature, which should be kept within 20-25 ° C, otherwise the seeds will not turn on for a long time and will not germinate.
Using Epin will significantly speed up the process of first germination and the number of sprouted seeds.
Once the seeds germinate in a friendly manner, you can start planting. If for some reason this is not possible yet (we mean carrots, parsley, dill), it’s okay, just place the containers with seeds on the bottom shelf of the fridge right in the plastic bag (the bag should have a small hole). If the seeds are prepared for sowing, and the latter is delayed for any reason, the germinated seeds are kept in a refrigerator in a wet condition in a plastic bag at a temperature of plus 1-4 ° C, preventing them from freezing and drying out. According to foreign scientists, such hardening of germinated seeds not only does not degrade their quality, but also contributes to the increase of field germination.
As a rule, germination is carried out before the main mass of germinated seeds of roots with a length of 0.5 cm. Single seeds may have roots up to 1.5 cm long.
There is another way to germinate seeds – in aerated water. It is simple and convenient. The seeds are placed in water, through which the air is passed by the aquarium microcompressor during the entire germination period. The seeds must mix well with the air flow. Pre-soaking of the seeds can be avoided, but 10-12 hours after the start of aeration water is replaced. In the aerated water, germination of seeds is more friendly.
When soaking and germination should protect the seeds from drying, overwetting, lack of air and cooling, as in any of these cases, the seeds can die.
Which seeds should not be soaked and germinated?
The seeds are never wetted (granulated), i.e. they are covered with special artificial casings. In addition, it is not recommended to soak and germinate seeds covered with thin coloured coatings. In both cases, when soaking or germinating such seeds, the coat is partially or completely destroyed and all useful properties of its application are lost.
But due to the fact that a significant part of the seeds I acquire is produced only in Holland, and there are almost no seeds without coatings, then we have to compromise and still soak the seeds of some crops or germinate. The reason is that our vegetation period is very short, and it is completely unreasonable to lose a lot of time to get seedlings in the Urals. Therefore, despite the presence of a protective shell, the seeds of beetroot, for example, I always soak, and the seeds of carrots and onions – germinate. But I always soak and germinate them in sawdust. Therefore, there is no need to wash the seeds, and therefore the colored coat is practically not destroyed. But I don’t buy granular seeds of such cultures.